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Is Meditation a Mindful Practice? A Guide on Meditation and Mindfulness

woman meditating at beach

Meditation and mindfulness are often discussed in conversations. Conversations include mental health, well-being, personal growth, and awareness. The Two terms are different, but they assist in self-discovery and inner peace.

What are meditation and mindfulness, and how are they related

Meditation is an ancient practice. Meditation involves focusing the mind and reducing the stream of thoughts that may be crowding the mind. Meditation has its origins in many spiritual traditions from around the globe. Meditation seeks to achieve a clear mental state. This mental state is often described as tranquillity, peace, or enlightenment.

Mindfulness is a form of awareness. Mindfulness is about being in the present moment. It aims for the individual to become undistracted by the past, future, or any external influences. Being in the present moment allows you to observe thoughts, emotions, and sensations without judgment. By doing this, you strengthen a connection with the here and now.

Both practices promote mental clarity and well-being, but they are not identical. Mindfulness is a form or subset of meditation. When we meditate with a focus on being mindful, we try to bring ourselves into the present moment, but not all meditation relies on this concept.

Understanding Meditation

Historical Origins and Various Traditions

Meditation, as an introspective practice, goes back thousands of years. It can be traced to numerous religious and cultural traditions globally. The earliest documented records of meditation come from the Hindu traditions around 1500 BCE.

Buddhism, founded around the 6th century BCE, strongly emphasizes meditation. Forms of meditation can also be found in early Christian practices such as contemplative prayer. Many cultures such as Sufism, Taoism, and some indigenous cultures have their own meditation practices.

The Primary Purpose and Benefits of Meditation

Meditation's primary purpose is to assist in creating a clearer, more peaceful state of mind. Meditation aims to deepen our understanding of ourselves and the world. Both anecdotal and scientific evidence tell us that over time meditation offers many benefits:

Mental Clarity and Focus: Regular practice helps reduce mental clutter. Mental clarity and focus lead to greater concentration and better decision-making.

Emotional Regulation: Meditation aids in recognizing and regulating emotions.

Stress Reduction: By lowering cortisol levels, meditation can reduce stress and its adverse effects on the body.

Enhanced Self-awareness: Meditators often gain deeper insights into their thoughts, behaviours, and motivations.

Physical Benefits: Benefits range from lower blood pressure to improved sleep and pain management.

Different Types of Meditation Techniques

There are many different types of meditation techniques. Meditation can enable you to find something that suits your preferences and desired outcomes. Here are some prevalent methods:

Focused Attention

For this form, practitioners concentrate on a single point of focus. Attention could be placed on their breath, a specific sound, or a mantra. A mantra is a word or phrase repeated either silently or aloud. Mantras are often used in Vedic and Tibetan Buddhist traditions. The repeated sound or phrase helps to anchor the mind, preventing distractions.

Open Monitoring

Open monitoring is an observational technique. Thoughts, feelings, and sensations are all noticed but not judged or held onto. This practice is central to many Zen and Vipassana traditions. Focused attention is when one element is concentrated on. Open monitoring is more about observing everything without attachment.

Body Scan

Here, attention is systematically directed to different parts of the body. It could be from the toes up to the head or vice versa. This technique is often used in mindfulness-based stress programs. It promotes bodily awareness and can be beneficial for recognizing and releasing tension.

Loving-kindness or Metta

This practice comes from Buddhist traditions and involves cultivating unconditional love and kindness. Love and kindness are first directed inward towards ourselves. This love and kindness then radiates outward to loved ones, acquaintances, and even perceived enemies. Practitioners often repeat phrases like "May I/you be happy. May I/you be healthy." This form of meditation has been linked to enhanced empathy, compassion, and positivity.

While these are just a few meditation techniques, they all serve a similar purpose. Meditation aims to grow a centred, balanced, and introspective state of mind. Remember, the best meditation technique is the one that resonates with you and fits into your life.

Delving into Mindfulness

Mindfulness is a term that has grown in popular culture over time. But what does it actually mean? Mindfulness is more than just a trendy buzzword. Mindfulness carries with it a profound philosophy and practice originating in ancient teachings.

Definition and Origins

The central focus of mindfulness is to be fully present. It means being aware of where we are and what we're doing and not being overly reactive or overwhelmed by what's happening around us. While the concept might seem simple, its practice can take time to master. The time put into your practice is worth it because mindfulness can be transformative.

Mindfulness can be traced back to over 2,500 years ago to Buddhist teachings. In Buddhism, mindfulness is a crucial element in personal development and liberation. Today, the understanding of mindfulness has evolved. Mindfulness has been integrated into many cultures and practices.

Mindful Being vs. Mindfulness Meditation

be here and now mindfulness scrabble

Though related, being mindful and practising meditation are not the same. Being mindful is about being present and attentive, whether eating, walking, or simply breathing. It's an awareness that can be integrated into daily life.

On the other hand, meditation is a structured practice where individuals set aside dedicated time to grow this awareness. Mindfulness focuses attention on the breath, sensations, or thoughts. Practitioners learn to observe their experiences without judgment.

Benefits of Mindfulness in Daily Life

Some benefits of being mindful include:

Emotional Regulation: Mindfulness helps us to become more aware of our thoughts and feelings. Mindfulness does this without rumination or judgment. Mindfulness helps us to develop a balanced emotional state. A more balanced state leads to more positive reactions and interactions.

Stress Reduction: Mindfulness allows us to respond to stressors in a more measured way. This reduces the effects of stress and promotes relaxation.

Improved Focus and Cognition: Regular mindfulness practice can improve concentration and help us to stay on task. Improved cognitive abilities allow us to absorb information more efficiently.

Mindfulness vs. Meditation: What's the Difference?


All mindfulness activities are a type of meditation. Meditation is when you focus your mind in a particular way. Mindfulness is when you pay full attention to the present moment without judging it.



Mindfulness: It's about being in the now and noticing your feelings and thoughts.

Other Types of Meditation: Some help you relax, some are about visualizing things, and others have different goals.

How You Do It

Mindfulness: Often, you start by paying attention to your breathing or what you hear around you. If your mind starts to wander, you gently bring it back.

Other Types of Meditation: These can vary a lot. For example, in mantra meditation, you repeat a word or phrase.


Is meditation a mindfulness practice? People have a tendency to use "mindfulness" and "meditation" like they're the same. They're connected, but they're different. While mindfulness is a kind of meditation, there are many ways to meditate. Each has its own focus and technique.


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